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July 9, 1999 - NATO's Supreme Commander said a summit on the stabilization and rebuilding of southeastern Europe will be held at the end of the month.
July 13, 1999 - American diplomat Jacques Paul Klein, a senior official in the international peacekeeping efforts in Bosnia, has been put in charge of the UN mission in the former Yugoslav republic. He replaced special representative Elisabeth Rehn.
NATO announced a plan to reduce the troops in Bosnia from 30,000 to 16,500. NATO's military committee recommended the major troop cut. US Defense Secretary said NATO did not to intend to rotate troops from Bosnia to Kosovo: "We should not see a reduction in the commitments to Bosnia in order to satisfy the mission to Kosovo."
For the third time in three weeks a Bosniak home in Banja Luka was attacked Saturday night with grenades and automatic weapons -- no one was injured. In response, SFOR enhanced its presence in the Banja Luka area.
At the side of a road near the town of Sandali in MND Southwest, SFOR troops discovered 550 20 millimeter rounds, 10 mine fuses, two meters of detonation cord, two grenades, and 100 grams of explosives.
July 18, 1999 - Jacques Klein -- UN special representative in Bosnia -- said that Bosnia's future will be "problematic" unless both Croatia and Serbia become democratic. Klein noted that Milosevic retains strong control over the Serbian media and that opposition to him remains weak and divided.
July 20, 1999 - Carlos Westendorp said he "suspended from office" Sanski Most Mayor Mehmed Alagic. Bosnian media linked Alagic to abuse of office and corruption. Alagic denied the charges.
August 1, 1999 - The Daily Telegraph claimed that French peacekeepers in Bosnia were turning a blind eye to indicted war criminals living in the sector they control, according to diplomats, soldiers and aid workers. France believes it is too difficult to arrest Radovan Karadzic, who lives in eastern Bosnia, near Foca.
August 2, 1999 - Former Bosnian Serb military police commander Radomir Kovac was arrested by peacekeepers. He was wanted for the alleged systematic rape of Bosnian Muslim women in Foca, during the 1992-1995 war. He was on a list of eight war criminals. In January, another one was killed by French peacekeepers during his arrest.
August 3, 1999 - The UN Security Council selected Wolfgang Petritsch (Austria) as the international community's top civilian administrator in Bosnia. He replaced Carlos Westendorp (Spain).
August 9, 1999 - Under international pressure Croatia extradited Vinko Martinovic and handed him over to the International War Crimes Tribunal in The Hague. He was indicted in December 1998, and charged with crimes against humanity, grave breaches of the Geneva Convention and violations of laws and customs of war. He was responsible for driving tens of thousands of Muslims from Mostar during the 3 1/2 year Bosnian war. Earlier, Croatia refused to surrender any of its people to the war crimes tribunal.
August 10, 1999 - Forensic experts finished exhuming about 250 bodies from a mass grave in Srebrenica. Over 7,000 Muslim men were missing, some 2,000 bodies were found so far.
August 14, 1999 - COMSFOR General Montgomery Meigs announced that the 30,000 strong SFOR peacekeeping force will be downsized next fall significantly. He said the all 38 contributing countries would like to remove SFOR since its enormous costs. Meigs said the elections scheduled for September might be a turning point in the peace process.
August 16, 1999 - The head of the US Agency for International Development, Brady Anderson, said progress in Bosnia must be made as quickly as possible, as "resources are not unlimited".
August 17, 1999 - International top officials of the anti-fraud unit of the Office of the High Representative accused Muslim, Croat, and Serbian officials of stealing more than $1 billion in public funds and international aid. Alija Izetbegovic -- Bosnia's Muslim president -- denied such reports. The Un said the investigations continued because of the corruption in Bosnia. The Times said international relief agencies downplayed the thefts, fearing to discourage international donors. In total, 15 authorities were dismissed by the High Representative, but many were still holding office. The report cited one incident in which 10 foreign embassies and international aid agencies lost more than $20 million that was deposited in a Bosnian bank. Only Switzerland acknowledged the loss.
August 18, 1999 - A forensic team from the crimes tribunal begun exhuming another mass grave in northeastern Bosnia. It was part of the efforts to collect evidence related to the 1995 Srebrenica massacre. Some 7,000 men were still missing, only 2,000 bodies were found so far.
In the village of Stup, a Bosnian worker removing land mines was killed when a mine exploded.
August 19, 1999 - Switzerland threatened to review its aid to Bosnia-Herzegovina. The international community poured $5.1 billion into Bosnia since the end of the 3½ year war 1995. Since the collapse of the Bosnia and Herzegovina Bank, some countries were unable to recover funds. Switzerland said $987,000, in aid money had been tied up and if the problem cannot be not resolved, Switzerland will reconsider its commitment to rebuilding Bosnia. While western countries were concerned with the corruption in Bosnia, Bosnian officials were concerned about damage to the country's reputation..
The international decision to take sole control of Brcko from Bosnian Serbs became final. On March 5, 1999, Roberts Owen decided to let Brcko be governed jointly by Serbs and the Muslim-Croat federation. Parties were given five months to come with counter proposals. The deadline expired. Brcko is a strategic point on the narrow corridor that links Serb parts in the west and east. The Muslim-Croat federation wanted access to the river and rail facilities.
August 24, 1999 - Twenty-three bodies have been exhumed from a mass grave near the Serb town of Zvornik -- 45 miles northeast of Sarajevo. It was believed that the bodies were Bosnian Muslims from Srebrenica, killed in July 1995. According to survivors, there could be over 1,000 bodies in mass graves in the area.
In Vienna, Bosnian-Serb army chief Momir Talic was arrested. Talic was attended a Western-sponsored seminar on military issues at the National Defense Academy. United Nations war crimes prosecutors had issued a secret "sealed" indictment accusing him of brutal treatment of Muslims and Croats in the northwestern Prijedor region in 1992.
The Bosnian Serb Defense Ministry demanded Talic's immediate release but also called on soldiers and citizens to remain calm and refrain from action which could damage the peace process. Wartime Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic and his military commander Ratko Mladic -- both indicted for genocide -- still remain at large.
August 26, 1999 - The International Crimes Tribunal for former Yugoslavia issued an official complaint to the UN about Croatia. ICTY said the country refused to comply with its investigations and failed to give the court access to evidence or to extradite two indicted suspects. They ignored more than 100 requests to submit evidence. Yugoslavia is another country that triggered complaints from the tribunal. Croatia was faulted for refusing to hand over Mladen "Tuta" Naletilic -- a paramilitary leader charged with leading a brutal ethnic cleansing drive against Muslems in southwestern Bosnia in 1993. The US warned Croatia for the consequences.
August 31, 1999 - Momir Talic -- arrested Aug 24 -- pleaded not guilty. Prosecutors alleged that Talic oversaw the murder, torture and expulsion of over 100,000 non-Serbs from the Krajina region of northwestern Bosnia, site of three notorious prison camps. If convicted he faces a maximum life prison sentence.
September 1, 1999 - US envoy Richard Holbrooke urged Bosnian officials to tackle the corruption. Switzerland threatened to review its aid program to Bosnia after international officials accused corrupt Muslim, Croat and Serb authorities of stealing over $1 billion in public funds and foreign aid.
September 2, 1999 - Croatia's president Franjo Tudjman agreed to extradite war crimes suspect Mladen Naletilic to the Netherlands. Naletilic commanded a paramilitary unit called that is accused of atrocities against Muslims during the Bosnian War. In December 1998, the UN tribunal indicted him on 17 counts of war crimes. The Washington Post reported it was widely believed that Naletilic's testimony would be damaging for senior government figures in Croatia.
In Mostar, Richard Holbroke said the Muslim-Croat Federation failed to implement all terms of the 1995 Dayton peace accord that ended the 3 1/2 year war. He blamed the Serbian Democratic Party and the Serbian Radical Party of being in direct violation with Dayton.
September 16, 1999 - Bosnia envoy Wolfgang Petritsch dismissed two employees who continued to sabotage the peace process.
One of the two dismissed was Bosnia-Croat Stipe Babic, minister of Justice. In Drvar, controlled by Bosnian-Croats since the war, Serbs won the 1997 municipal elections, but Croats prevented the installation of the council and set houses of Serbs on fire. The UN headquarters was also set on fire. Petritsch
The other person dismissed -- at his own request -- was the Bosnian-Croat mayor of Drvar, Mile Marleta. Not because of sabotaging the Dayton Agreement, but because it became impossible for him to proceed, after multiple threats by Croats.
September 22, 1999 - During a meeting of NATO ministers of Defense in Toronto, the wish was expressed to remove a third of NATOs troops from Bosnia-Herzegovina and to bring all troops in the Balkans under a single command. US minister Cohen said that total dependence on US military power in joint operations must come to a halt.
October 10, 1999 - The Bosnian Serb Assembly proposed to withdraw a lawsuit against Yugoslavia for aggression and genocide in connection with the 1992-95 ethnic war. The case was filed by the Sarajevo government six years ago in the World Court in The Hague.
October 14, 1999 - Four NATO soldiers were injured when an angry crowd threw stones at them while they were attempting to seize weapons in Mostar. Demonstrators were blocking intersections while carrying Croatian flags, driving cars and honking. The city is controlled by French and Spanish peacekeepers.
October 15, 1999 - In a crackdown on organized crime in Bosnia, SFOR raided four office buildings in the Croat controlled part of Mostar, seizing explosives, cash, computers and credit card-making equipment.
October 20, 1999 - The UN Tribunal in The Hague convicted Goran Jelisic on 31 counts of torture and murder in 1992, during the Bosnian war. It was the eighth conviction since the Tribunal was established in 1993 by the Security Council.
October 25, 1999 - SFOR troops detained Bosnian Serb war-crimes suspect Damir Dosen, indicted by the Criminal Tribunal for Yugoslavia for crimes committed from May 24 to August 30, 1992, while he was a shift commander at the Keraterm camp -- near Preijedor. Detainees were killed, sexually assaulted, tortured, beaten and otherwise subjected to inhuman treatment. This was the first arrest since the arrival of the tribunal's new chief prosecutor, Carla del Ponte, in September.
About 30,000 Bosnians chanting anti-government slogans streamed into Sarajevo, demanding job protection and aggressive action against corruption. The European Confederation of Trade Unions and even workers from the Bosnian Serb half of the country expressed their support.
October 27, 1999 - Jacques Klein -- UN special representative to Bosnia -- said failure to arrest Karadzic and other indicted war criminals sends the wrong message to Bosnian Serbs. Carla Del Ponte -- the new chief prosecutor for the war crimes tribunal -- said her top priority was the arrest and trial of Karadzic, former Bosnian Serb military commander Ratko Mladic, and Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic. Since the end of the war and the signing of the Dayton peace agreement in 1995, Bosnian Serb officials have refused to cooperate with the international war crimes tribunal in The Hague, which most Serbs consider biased against them.
October 30, 1999 - An occurred near the bus station parking lot in Zvornik, about 25 miles east of Tuzla. No one was injured.
October 31, 1999 - An explosion occurred in front of the station of the UN international police force in Zvornik. No one was injured. NATO said it had both explosions under investigation.
November 3, 1999 - NATO announced its 30,000 troops in Bosnia would be reduced by one third by April 2000, as required by the North Atlantic Council.
November 6, 1999 - Bosnia’s ultra-nationalist Serb Radical Party (SRS) threatened to block local elections in April if it is not allowed to take part. The SRS was banned from elections after it refused to remove Nikola Poplassen, former Bosnian Serb president. He was dismissed by the international community.
November 11, 1999 - Apart from receiving a 20-year prison term for two murders and the torture and rape of dozens of non-Serbs in 1992, the UN imposed additional charges on Dusan Tadic. Total prison term was set to 25 years.
November 13, 1999 - Bosnian leaders and US diplomats recommended a commission to fight corruption and more aggressive NATO pursuit of war criminals. Since the war ended, the international community has pledged $5.1 billion for the reconstruction of Bosnia. But the Bosnian government has lost millions of dollars, much of it from failing to collect tax and customs revenues. It was also recommended that the NATO peacekeeping forces in Bosnia be more aggressive about finding and arresting war criminals.
Canada announced it would withdraw most of its 1,450 peacekeepers from Kosovo by summer of 2000 to relieve its "thinly stretched military". Canada said it would expand its presence slightly in the NATO-led force in nearby Bosnia but would reduce its overall Balkan presence from 2,800 at present to about 1,800. All but 100 Canadian troops were scheduled to leave Kosovo, while the Bosnian force was scheduled to grow to 1,700 or 1,800 from 1,350 now. NATO planned to reduce its overall presence in Bosnia to 20,000 from 30,000 by April 2000, while keeping the force in more volatile Kosovo at 50,000.
November 14, 1999 - Six people were killed and four injured by an anti-tank mine near Zagreb, Croatia.
In Bosnia-Herzegovina, the last of 360,000 anti-personnel mines were destroyed, as agreed earlier in the Ottawa Treaty. The Treaty required to dispose of the mines before March 2003, but NATO ordered the destruction ahead of schedule.
November 15, 1999 - Goods worth 2.7 million German marks ($1.4 million) were confiscated in a "Stop Smuggling" campaign in the Serb-held half of Bosnia.
November 16, 1999 - The three presidents of Bosnia agreed on a declaration proposed by US ambassador Richard Holbrooke to pick up the pace of the peace process, pledging to end ethnic strife and work more closely together. They agreed to establish a joint border patrol, support a single national passport, create a permanent executive staff for their joint presidency and make a commitment to fully fund state ministries. They also declared that their "highest priority" was the return of displaced people and refugees to their homes.
Germany announced it would reduce its number of troops in Bosnia by April 2000 from more than 2,300 to 2,000 as part of a process to reduce the NATO-led peacekeeping force. The reductions would mostly concern logistics.
November 18, 1999 - The Provisional Election Commission extended the voter registration deadline until November 30, 1999 for the municipal elections in BiH, scheduled for April 2000.
November 19, 1999 - Croatia's ruling party sought opposition support in pronouncing president Franjo Tudjman -- hospitalized since November 1 -- temporarily incapacitated. The opposition refused to back the motion until it received a detailed report on his health, but some members expressed concern that their president wouldn't recover in time to sign several key bills and call parliamentary elections, tentatively set for December 22.
His medical team has said little of his condition, which has fueled speculation that Tudjman had lost consciousness and was being kept alive by life-support machines.
November 24, 1999 - Bosnian Serb General Radislav Krstic -- accused of conducting the slaughter of thousands of Muslim civilians in Srebrenica in 1995 pleaded innocent to two additional war crimes charges before a UN tribunal. In 1998 he was charged with genocide, extermination, murder and persecution.
November 25, 1999 - A day after parliament approved a constitutional amendment paving the way for transferring some powers, 77 year old president Franjo Tudjman was reported stable.
November 26, 1999 - The President of the Croatian Parliament, Vlatko Pavletic, who replaced President Franjo Tudjman, announced that the parliamentary elections in Croatia will be held on January 3, 2000.
November 27, 1999 - OHR reported: In an interview for Slobodna Bosna, BiH Presidency Member Zivko Radisic stated that the New York Declaration had been misinterpreted and denied speculation that they had agreed to common BiH passports (see November 16, 1999). Radisic added that nothing had been agreed with regard to passports, but only that they expressed readiness to raise the issue and seek solutions based on the experience of modern countries.
November 29, 1999 - The medical team of Croatian president Tudjman said that his health remained in a very grave state, and that intensive treatment was continuing. Vecernji list suggested his condition was "exceptionally serious, perhaps critical, which can last for only a few more days."
International officials administering Bosnia fired 22 local officials for obstructing implementation of the country's peace agreement and hindering the return of refugees. They were also banned from running in municipal elections next year.
According to the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, out of nearly 2 million refugees – almost half the country's population – only 600,000 have returned to their homes since the 1992-95 Bosnia war. Of those, only 100,000 have returned to areas where they represent an ethnic minority. Foreign donors are refusing to finance the reconstruction of areas run by officials who do not obey the Dayton peace agreement that ended the Bosnian war.
November 29, 1999 - The Serbian representative on the three-member Bosnian joint presidency, Zivko Radisic, distanced himself from the agreement he made with Muslim Alija Izetbegovic and Croat Ante Jelavic in New York, November 16. He called the declaration a statement of intent rather than a binding agreement. He also added the declaration was not signed -- as first reported by Associated Press. One of the hot items is a multi-ethnic border police force.
Richard Holbrooke and Wolfgang Petritsch, however, considered the agreement binding. His spokeswoman accused the Serb-led Yugoslav government of pressuring Bosnian Serbs to abandon the agreement.
December 2, 1999 - The European Union abandoned its attempt to send the oil to opposition-led towns in Serbia. It EU said the government was deliberately delaying the shipments. The drivers of the 14 trucks were held at the border for nine days, their passports confiscated.
December 6, 1999 - The US Deputy Envoy for BiH, Robert Frowick, said regarding the border service -- as discussed in New York earlier -- that it absolutely necessary and that the declaration must be implemented. OHR reported that the US embassy issued a statement saying the presidency published the Declaration as a UN document, making it obligatory for all three sides. Signatures were not necessary, since the presidency filed the New York declaration with the UN Security Council as an official document.
December 8, 1999 - International officials announced that Bosnian policemen would be serving in UN police forces in crisis areas around the world. Each of the three entities was expected to contribute 30 police officers.
Montenegro started an investigation against a man suspected of war crimes in Bosnia. It could be Montenegro's first extradition to the UN War Crimes Tribunal in the Netherlands.
December 10, 1999 - President Franjo Tudjman of Croatia died at the age of 77. He led his country to independence from Yugoslavia but his nationalist policies also helped fuel the war in Bosnia. Presidential elections were scheduled within 60 days. Many western countries were hoping that democracy would stand a better chance.
December 11, 1999 - OHR stated that the 22 municipal officials dismissed by High Representative Wolfgang Petritsch on November 29 will be ignored.
December 13, 1999 - SFOR commander Lt Gen Ronald Adams announced he may order the demilitarization of the Brcko area if the Bosnian Serb authorities would refuse to demilitarize the area voluntarily. Earlier, Republika Srpska defense minister Manojlo Milovanovic said that RS could not make any agreement on demilitarization. The Bosnian Serb authorities respected the resolution, since they considered it in the interest of the Bosnian Serbs.
December 14, 1999 - ICTY sentenced the Bosnian-Serb Goran Jelisic to 40 years imprisonment -- the harshest sentence so far. On October 19, 1999, he was found guilty of 31 out of the 32 counts contained in the indictment against him, 15 counts of crimes against humanity and 16 counts of violations of the laws or customs of war. During the Bosnian war, he was commander of the Luka prison camp in northern Bosnia in 1992.
In an attempt to cut smuggling, Bosnian customs seized 2.5 million cigarettes and 10,000 compact discs -- valued at about $400,000 -- that illegally entered the country. The operation was supported by the EU. The Washington Post said that the lost customs and tax revenues since 1996 amounted to over $1 billion.
In Croatia, the campaign for the January 3 parliamentary elections started. No date was set for presidential elections.
The defense ministers of Greece and Macedonia signed a military cooperation agreement. Greece presented Macedonia with ten armored personnel carriers and five utility vehicles. Macedonia participates in NATO's Partnership for Peace program. Germany and Bulgaria also assisted the country.
December 15, 1999 - A German judge convicted Bosnian-Serb Djurdard Kusljic for genocide and murder and sentenced him to life in prision. During the Bosnian war he was the police chief in the Bosnian town of Vrbanjci. In 1993 he entered Germany as a refugee, where he was arrested in 1998. He was prosecuted in Germany since the ICTY was not interested in in pursuing the case.
December 16, 1999 - A team of ICTY experts went to Banja Luka for talks with two Bosnian Serb army officers suspected of having been involved in Srebrenica. Serbian forces were accused of having killed at least 6,000 mainly Muslim males from Srebrenica in 1995.
December 18, 1999 - In Banja Luka, at least 20 NATO troops arrested the wartime commander of the Serbian Army, Stanislav Galic, who resisted his arrest. During the 1992-1995 war in Bosnia he was a colonel, later general, responsible for keeping Sarajevo under siege. The city suffered from ethnic intolerance. Before his arrest, Galic was an advisor for hardline Bosnian Serb president Nikola Poplasen. Poplasen was removed on March 5, 1999 by High Representative to Bosnia Carlos Westendorp for opposing the Dayton peace accords.
Galic was under a sealed (secret) indictment from the international tribunal in The Hague. After his arrest, war time leader Radovan Karadzic was left as the most important figures from the Bosnian Serb military command structure who remain at large. On August 24, 1999, Gen Talic was arrested, and on November 24, 1999, Gen. Krstic.
December 21, 1999 - Presidential elections for Croatia were set for January 24, 2000.
December 22, 1999 - UN secretary-general Kofi Annan said he backed the campaign in Bosnia to eliminate corruption. He supported plans to place an additional 300 international police monitors with local police -- bringing the total to 500 in 205 locations -- and use extensive audits to weed out corruption and crime. A UN report said UN missions in the Balkans lost $38 million in equipment between 1996 and 1997 from accidents and theft -– more than three times as much as all other UN peacekeeping operations combined.
December 24, 1999 - On December 23, suspected war criminal Zoran Vukovic was arrested by SFOR in Bosnia and handed over to the international tribunal on December 24. He and six others -- of which two were in custody -- were charged with war crimes and crimes against humanity (torture and rape) committed in 1992 and 1993 in Foca, when he was leading a paramilitary group.
The UN said prosecutors were aware Vukovic used multiple aliases and made believe they were going after someone else by filing a separate secret indictment under his true name.
December 28, 1999 - US troops in Bosnia increased security after terrorist threats were made worldwide against the United States.
OSCE officials in charge of elections in Bosnia decided to remove up to 15 SDA candidates from the ruling Muslim party's candidate list because of fraud in the voter registration process for municipal elections. The OSCE found that 3,500 fraudulent voter registration applications for Bosnians no longer living in the United States were submitted through the Bosnian Consulate in New York.
December 29, 1999 - Bosnian Serb Gen. Stanislav Galic -- arrested December 18, 1999 by NATO troops -- pleaded innocent.
[Sources: NATO, Washington Post, Office of the High Representative, Reuters, Associated Press,
CNN, Leeuwarder Courant, United States Information Agency, Reuters, NRC Handelsblad, Telegraaf, Calgary Herald, SHAPE, ICTY, RFE/RL, NOS]