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March 31, 1991 - Croats and Croatian Serbs came to blow near Plitvice. The federal army held aloof at first, but started to assist the Serbs later on.

June 25, 1991 - Slovania and Croatia declared independence. Fights between Croate and Serb troops broke out.

June 27, 1991 - The Yugoslav army attacked Slovenia. They would withdraw after 10 days of war.

June, 1991 - Minor skirmishes of Serb-Croats escalated into war in Croatia between Croats and rebel Serbs backed by the Yugoslav army.

September 25, 1991 - The Security Council announced an arms embargo against all republics of former Yugoslavia.

November 14, 1991 - The Serbs transformed their party into a parliament.

November 18, 1991 - Vukovar fell after a three days siege by the Serbs.

November 23, 1991 - In a meeting with Cyrus Vance, Croatian President Franjo Tudjman, Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic, Yugoslav Defence Minister Veljko Kadijevic and Chairman of the EU Conference on former Yugoslavia, Lord Peter Carrington, agreement was reached on an immediate ceasefire.

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January 3, 1992 - Large parts of Crajina, Srem and eastern Slavonia have been conquered by the Serbs. United Nations peace forces of UNPROFOR are about to be stationed in the area after mediation of Mr. Cyrus Vance.

January 15, 1992 - The European Community recognized Slovania and Croatia.

February 21, 1992 - UN resolution 743 was adopted, which authorized establishment of UNPROFOR for 12 months, as an interim solution to end hostilities.

February 29, 1992 - Bosnia-Herzegovina declared independence, while Bosnian Serbs proclaimed a separate state. Fighting spreads over the country.

March 27, 1992 - The Bosnian Serbs unilaterally declared the independent state Srpska Republika.

April 6, 1992 - The European Community recognized Bosnia. Bosnian Serbs in Sarajevo fired upon demonstrators for peace. The outbreak of a full scale war was a fact.

April 6, 1992 - First shelling of Sarajevo by Serb troops took place. The siege of Sarajevo had started.

May 22, 1992 - Croatia became a UN member.

May 30, 1992 - The Security Council issued an arms embargo against Yugoslavia (consisting of Serbia and Montenegro -- the only two remaining states of former Yugoslavia).

July 1992 - NATO agreed to use naval force in Adriatic to review compliance with UN sanctions imposed on Serbia and Montenegro, which make up the rump Yugoslav state. The following year, the naval force is given powers to enforce the sanctions.

October 9, 1992 - The Security Council announced a "No-Fly Zone" in Bosnian airspace.

October 16, 1992 - NATO forces began monitoring flights in the airspace of Bosnia-Herzegovina in NATO Operation Sky Monitor. This was in response to UN Security Council Resolution 781 which requested member states to assist UNPROFOR to monitor the ban on military flights in that airspace.

Monitoring was carried out by NAEW aircraft which were already involved in the naval monitoring and subsequent embargo operations in the Adriatic. Coverage was enhanced on October 31, 1992 when an additional NAEW orbit was established over Hungary with the support of the Hungarian and Austrian governments. The UN assessed that more than 500 flights violated the ban during the period 16 October 1992 to 12 April 1993.

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January 2, 1993 - The international mediators Cyrus Vance and Lord Owen unveiled a plan to divide Bosnia up into 10 provinces, mostly along ethnic lines. The plan was accepted by the Bosnian government but was rejected by the Bosnian Serbs.

March, 1993 - Fights broke out between Bosnian Croats and Muslims over the roughly 30% of Bosnia not already in Serb hands.

March 31, 1993 - UN Security Council Resolution 816 extended the ban to cover all flights not authorized by UNPROFOR and authorized member states to take all necessary measures, in event of further violations, to ensure compliance with the ban. The NAC approved NATO's plans for the enforcement of the ban on 8 April 1993 and notified the UN of their willingness to undertake the operation. NATO Operation Deny Flight began at noon GMT on Monday, 12 April 1993 with aircraft from France, the Netherlands and the United States. At a NATO Foreign Ministers meeting on 10 June 1993, in response to UN Security Council Resolution 836, it was agreed NATO would provide protective air power in case of attacks against UNPROFOR in Bosnia-Herzegovina. This led to the deployment of CAS aircraft to the Southern Region. These forces have been providing cover for UNPROFOR since 22 July 1993.

April/May, 1993 - During April and May, the UN Security Council declared six "safe areas" for Bosnian Muslims: Sarajevo, Tuzla, Bihac, Srebrenica, Zepa and Gorazde.

April 12, 1993 - NATO begins combat patrols with fighters from France, the Netherlands and United States, over Bosnia to enforce compliance with UN ban on flights, in Operation Deny Flight. See NATO press release.

April 14, 1993 - Bosnian, Croate and Muslim troops fight in central Bosnia.

April 20, 1993 - Two fighter aircraft patrolling the no-fly zone in Operation Deny Flight investigated a radar contact near Banja Luka. The contact landed before visual identification could be performed.

April 22, 1993 - Six NATO fighter aircraft patrolling the no-fly zone over Bosnia-Herzegovina in Operation Deny Flight investigated three radar contacts.

The first radar contact (noted 1428GMT) was investigated by two Dutch F-16s but the aircraft landed before visual identification could be performed. The other two contacts could also not be visually identified.

April 25, 1993 - NATO fighter aircraft patrolling the no- fly zone investigated three radar contacts. Two Dutch F-16s were vectored to the first contact at 0759GMT. The other contacts were also investigated by Dutch F-16s.

April 27, 1993 - A Dutch F-16 noted a slow moving radar contact at 0532GMT, which was confirmed by a second Dutch F-16. There was no positive identification. The second radar contact was also investigated by Dutch F-16s at 0747GMT with a similar result.

April 28, 1993 - NAEW controllers vectored a Dutch F-16 to a radar contact, but visual identification could not be established.

May 1, 1993 - Two NATO F-15 fighters detected a radar contact near Gorazde, which could be identified as a helicopter. The helicopter was escorted until it had left the no-fly zone. A second helicopter was also escorted by a NATO F-15 flight.

May 6, 1993 - The Bosnian-Serb "parliament" rejected the plans for peace for the third time, despite pressure of Serb president Milosevic. The Security Council declared the areas of Sarajevo, Tuzla, Zepa, Gorazde, and Bihac as "safe areas". Previously, Srebrenica had been declared a "safe area".

May 25, 1993 - The Security Council announced the establishment of an international tribunal for war criminals from ex-Yugoslavia.

June 1993 - NATO offers close air support to UN troops and other personnel in Bosnia if they are attacked and request air strikes.

July 31, 1993 - The peace plan of Owen / Stoltenberg to establish a "Union of Republics of Bosnia and Herzegovina" was being accepted at first, but on September 1, 1993, the muslims and Serbs would reject the plan after all.

August 2, 1993 - The North Atlantic Council decided to make immediate preparations for stronger measures, including air strikes, against those responsible for the strangulation of Sarajevo and other areas in Bosnia-Herzegovina, and for wide-scale interference with humanitarian assistance.

These air strikes would be carried out within the framework of the relevant UN Security Council Resolutions, including 770, 776 and 836, and in support of UNPROFOR as it carried out its overall mandate.

At their meeting of 9 August 1993 the NAC approved the military planning for air strikes options in support of humanitarian relief efforts and stood ready to implement them. It further decided to maintain a close review of the situation on the ground in Bosnia-Herzegovina and to re-convene at short notice to decide whether to implement air strikes in coordination with the UN.

December 17, 1993 - Croation and Serb authorities agreed on a ceasefire until January 15, 1994.

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January 1994 - NATO summit meeting in Brussels confirms all previous decisions and says it is ready to use air strikes to help reopen Tuzla airport for aid flights if necessary.

February 5, 1994 - During the shelling of a market place in Sarajevo, 68 people were killed and over 200 were wounded.

February 9, 1994 - The North Atlantic Council took additional decisions aimed at further supporting UNPROFOR in carrying out its tasks. The Council decided that 10 days after 2400 GMT, 10 February 1994, heavy weapons not removed from a 20 kilometer exclusion zone around Sarajevo or turned over to UN control would be subject to NATO air strikes. Such strikes would have been conducted in close coordination with the UN Secretary General.

Furthermore, it authorized the Commander-in-Chief Allied Forces Southern Europe (CINCSOUTH) to launch air strikes, at the request of the UN, against artillery or mortar positions in or around Sarajevo (including outside the exclusion zone) which are determined by the UN Protection Force (UNPROFOR) to be responsible for attacks against civilian targets in that city. The efforts of NATO and the UN resulted in the withdrawal of heavy weapons from Sarajevo or the placing of them under UN control.

February 21, 1994 - The objectives set on 9 February are now being met, though the deadline has expired. No airpower will be used in this stage. See statement by NATO Secretary General regarding the use of Air Power.

February 28,1994 - Four NATO fighters shot down four fixed-wing aircraft violating the UN "No-Fly" zone. NATO Airborne Early Warning aircraft (NAEW) detected unknown tracks South of Banja Luka early that morning. Two NATO aircraft, U.S. Air Force F-16s, were vectored to the area and intercepted six GALEB/JASTREB aircraft. In accordance with the rules of engagement, two "land or exit the No-Fly Zone or be engaged" orders were issued which were both ignored. While this was happening the violating aircraft dropped bombs. The NATO fighters engaged the planes, shooting down three of them. A second pair of NATO fighters, U.S. Air Force F-16s, arrived and shot down a fourth violator. The remaining two violators left the airspace of Bosnia-Herzegovina.

This was NATO's first combat action since its foundation in 1949. It was also the first action after 1397 violations of the NFZ.

March 1, 1994 - Croatia, the Bosnian Croats and the Bosnian muslims agreed on the establishment of a Muslim-Croate federal federation in Bosnia.

March 8, 1994 - A Spanish CASA 212 transport aircraft, on a routine flight from Zagreb to Split, made a successful emergency landing at Rijeka Airport (Croatia) after being hit by ground fire while flying over Croatia. Four passengers on the aircraft were slightly injured by shrapnel.

March 12, 1994 - NATO responded to the first UNPROFOR request for Close Air Support (CAS). Aircraft were sent to provide protection for French troops who were being fired upon near Bihac in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Ultimately, the UNPROFOR Tactical Air Control Party did not request the aircraft to attack a ground target.

March 29, 1994 - A ceasefire was signed in Zegreb between Croatia and Serbia.

April 10, 1994 - UNPROFOR military observers in Gorazde asked for NATO air protection. After approval by the Special Representative of the UN Secretary General, NATO close air support (CAS) was provided by two U.S. Air Force F-16Cs, which dropped bombs under the control of a UN forward air controller (FAC). The following day, UNPROFOR again requested air protection for UN personnel in Goradze. Two U.S. Marine Corps F/A-18A aircraft, under the control of a UN FAC, bombed and strafed targets.

This was NATO's first attack of ground targets in the conflict.

April 15, 1994 - A French Etendard IVP reconnaissance aircraft safely returned to the French carrier Clemenceau after being hit by ground fire over the Gorazde area.

April 16, 1994 - The pilot of a Sea Harrier from the British carrier HMS Ark Royal safely ejected over the same area after his aircraft was hit while attempting to conduct a CAS mission. He was later rescued by UN forces.

April 22, 1994 - The NAC, responding to a request from the UN Secretary General, decided that the Bosnian Serb actions around the Gorazde safe area met the conditions identified by NATO on 2 August 1993 as grounds for air strikes. It required the Bosnian Serbs to immediately cease attacks against the safe area and to pull their forces back 3 km from the center of the city by 0001 GMT on 24 April 1994 and from that time allow UNPROFOR and humanitarian assistance free access to the city.

Additionally, it declared a 20 km military exclusion zone around Gorazde and required all Bosnian Serb heavy weapons to be withdrawn by 0001 GMT on 27 April 1994. As a result of UN and NATO cooperation, effective compliance with the NATO ultimatums occurred and air strikes were not required.

The NAC authorized airstrikes if the UN safe areas of Bihac, Srebrenica, Tuzla or Zepa were attacked by heavy weapons from any range.

July 1, 1994 - Croatian internally displaced people started a blockade of UNPROFOR check-points along roads to UN Protected Areas. This protest against the Protection Force's inefficiency lasted until August 22, 1994.

July 6, 1994 - The Bosnian-Serbs rejected a plan of the international "contact group" (US, Russia, France, Germany, UK) to split up Bosnia in a Muslim-Croate federation (51%) and a Serb part (49%).

August 5, 1994 - The Bosnian Serb Army (BSA) seized a number of heavy weapons from the Ilidza Weapons Collection site in the Sarajevo Exclusion Zone, despite having been warned by UNPROFOR not to do so. At the request of UNPROFOR, NATO launched aircraft on the afternoon of 5 August to attack heavy weapons that were violating the Sarajevo Exclusion zone. See NATO press release: NATO airstrikes at the request of UNPROFOR. Despite poor weather conditions the force, made up of Dutch, French, NATO, UK and US aircraft, were able to locate an M18 Tankbuster (a tracked 76mm anti- tank gun). This was attacked by two US A-10 aircraft who strafed it with 30mm ammunition. Following the air strike the BSA returned the heavy weapons they had taken.

September 22, 1994 - Following a Bosnian Serb attack with rocket-propelled grenades against a French armored personnel carrier (APC) near Sarajevo, wounding a French soldier, two British Jaguar bombers and a US Fairchild A-10 ground attack plane, all participating in Deny Flight, hit a nationalist Serb tank which was within the 20-kilometer (12-mile) exclusion zone around Sarajevo. The airstrike was carrier out at the request of UNPROFOR. See NATO press release: NATO attacks Bosnian-Serb tank.

French Mirages were initially to have carried out the attack but were unable to locate the target in the poor weather.

October 28, 1994 - Joint UN and NATO statement has been released regarding the future use of airpower.

November 11, 1994 - Statement by NATO Secretary General W. Claes regarding the limitations to US participation in Operation Sharp Guard.

November 19, 1994 - United Nations Security Council grants NATO new powers to hit targets in Croatia used by Serb nationalists for attacks on the Bosnian town of Bihac.

November 20, 1994 - NATO launches raid on the Udbina airfield in Serb-held Croatia but calls it off because of bad weather.

November 21, 1994 - NATO aircraft attacked the Udbina airfield in Serb-held Croatia. See NATO press release. Admiral Leighton W. Smith, USN, Commander in Chief, Allied Forces Southern Europe, said the objective of the strike was to deter further attacks by aircraft flying from the airfield in Serb-held Croatia.

The decision to attack the airfield was made jointly by NATO and UNPROFOR commanders under the authority of the North Atlantic Council and United Nations Security Council Resolution 958. The mission was flown by about 30 aircraft of four NATO nations, in addition to about 20 other supporting aircraft. The attack was a response to attacks which had been launched from that airfield against targets in the Bihac area of Bosnia-Herzegovina in the previous few days.

November 22, 1994 - Two British jets are fired upon over Bosnia. Neither is hit.

November 23, 1994 - NATO aircraft attacked nationalist Serb SAM sites at Bosanska Krupa, Otoka in northwest Bosnia and in the area of Dvor, a town on the edge of the Bosnian Bihac pocket, firing anti-radiation "HARM" missiles. Later that same day, NATO carried out a strike against the Otoka SAM site, as it had been assessed as still posing a threat to NATO aircraft. The attack was a retaliation for the attack on British jets with SAMs the previous day. See NATO press releases: NATO aircraft attack SAM sites.

December 17, 1994 - A French Etendard IV P jet on a NATO reconnaissance flight over Bosnia-Herzegovina was hit by ground fire and returned safely to an air base in Italy. The aircraft which had taken off from the French aircraft carrier Foch received tail damage.

December 23, 1994 - Serbs agree to a temporary cease fire after a meeting with former U.S. president Jimmy Carter.

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January 1, 1995 - Start of a truce in Bosnia for a period of four months.

May 1, 1995 - A four month cease fire ends in Bosnia and fights escalate.

May 2, 1995 - The Croats conquer large parts of western Slavonia from the Croate Serbs.

May 24, 1995 - The Serbs shelled UN designated "safe areas," including Tuzla, where 71 people are killed.

May 25, 1995 - NATO launches air strikes against Bosnian Serbs. NATO jets destroyed ammunition dumps near the nationalist Bosnian Serb stronghold of Pale (southwest of Sarajevo) in a show of force ordered by UN peacekeepers after Serb forces ignored the ultimatum to surrender heavy guns by the morning of May 25. See NATO press release: destruction of Pale ammunition dump and NATO press release: air strikes in Bosnia-Herzegovina.


[Source: CNN Interactive]
View through F-18 HUD

The planes involved in the raid included four US F-16s, two US F-18s, two US EF-111 electronic warfare aircraft, one HC-130 refueling aircraft and two US search and rescue planes. They said two Spanish F-18s, one Dutch F-16 and one French Mirage also took part.

May 26, 1995 - Bosnian Serbs seize UN troops, using them as human shields against NATO air strikes. British Prime Minister John Major suggests it may be necessary to withdraw British troops from Bosnia.

May 30, 1995 - The North Atlantic Council demands that the shelling of safe areas be stopped and that UNPROFOR members and UN observers held hostage by the Bosnian Serbs be released unharmed, unconditionally.

June 2, 1995 - A USAF F-16C flying an Operation Deny Flight patrol mission was shot down over western Bosnia by a Bosnian Serb surface-to-air missile. Later in the day NATO received unconfirmed reports that the Bosnian Serb Army had recovered the pilot. NATO was not able to independently confirm this information. See AFSOUTH press release: US F-16 shot down. [Note: the wreckage of his jet was not recovered until April 28, 2000.]

June 6, 1995 - The NATO ministers of defense agree on the establishment of an international quick reaction force, existing of French, British and Dutch forces.

June 8, 1995 - The pilot of the NATO F-16C aircraft, who was shot down over western Bosnia on 2 June 1995, was successfully rescued by search and rescue forces. The rescue mission was launched early Thursday morning after the downed pilot established voice contact with a NATO aircraft in the vicinity. All forces involved in the rescue mission returned safely to their respective bases. See NATO press release: NATO rescues F-16 pilot.

July 11, 1995 - Bosnian Serb forces sweep into a safe area in the Bosnian city of Srebrenica, causing a massive exodus of civilians. Dutch UN peacekeepers request air strikes by Dutch and U.S. aircraft, but the request is not honored and the Dutch withdraw. See NATO press release: NATO provides Close Air Support in Srebreniza.

This is the first "safe area" taken over by the Bosnian Serbs.

July 18, 1995 - Bosnian government troops threaten to take UN peacekeepers hostage unless the UN orders air strikes to prevent the fall of Zepa. The Bosnian Serbs however threaten to respond by shelling eight Ukrainian peacekeepers near Zepa.

July 21, 1995 - After a meeting in London with international military leaders, NATO threatens to use air power to protect the safe area of Gorazde.

July 23, 1995 - UN commanders deployed in Bosnia order the Rapid Reaction Force (RRF) to send artillery units to the Bosnian capital of Sarajevo. UNPROFOR says the situation is escalating.

July 25, 1995 - After days of conflicting reports, the safe area of Zepa crumbles before advancing Bosnian Serb forces. Many Muslim refugees seek cover in the hills surrounding the town and others are packed onto evacuation buses by Bosnian Serbs. After executing the Muslim commander of the Muslim government forces, the Serbs burn the town.

July 26, 1995 - The U.S. Senate votes to lift the arms embargo against Bosnia. This embargo weighs heaviest on Bosnian government forces because Serbs inherited weapons from the Serb-led Yugoslav army.

July 28, 1995 - The war widens as Croatia sends thousands of troops into Bosnia. Serbian supply lines are cut by this action and the towns of Glamoc and Grahavo in southwestern Bosnia are overtaken.

August 1, 1995 - The U.S. House of representatives votes to lift the arms embargo against Bosnia. U.S. President Clinton warns that this will involve U.S. troops in an evacuation of UN peacekeepers. NATO extends its threat of anti-Serb air strikes to protect UN safe areas beyond Gorazde.

August 4, 1995 - Four NATO aircraft attacked two Croatian Serb surface-to-air missile radar sites using anti-radiation "HARM" missiles. Two US Navy EA-6Bs and two US Navy F-18Cs struck sites near Knin and Udbina in self-defense after the aircraft's electronic warning devices indicated they were being targeted by anti-aircraft missiles.

August 4, 1995 - Croatia takes over large parts previously held by the Croatian Serbs. 150,000 Croatian civilians flee to Banja-Luka and Serb territory.

August 10, 1995 - The Commander-In-Chief, NATO Allied Forces Southern Europe and the Force Commander, United Nations Peace Force signed a memorandum of understanding on the execution of NATO air operations for protection of the UN "Safe Areas" in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Aim is to deter threats of attack against safe areas and to conduct air operations in order to eliminate any threat or to defeat any force engaged in an attack on a safe area.

The memorandum follows the London Conference of July 25, 1995 and the subsequent NAC decisions of July 26 and August 1, 1995.

August 28, 1995 - A grenade explodes on a market place in Sarajevo, killing 37 people.

August 30, 1995 - After the Sarajevo marketplace shelling, August 28, which claimed lives of 37 Sarajevans, UN and NATO investigated the case and decided that 'beyond reasonable doubt' the attack came from the Bosnian Serbi positions. Sarajevo was declared a Safe Area by the UN. Just after 00:00 GMT (0200 local) NATO commenced air strikes on Bosnian Serbs military targets in Bosnia in an operation designated Operation Deliberate Force.

According to television reports, an estimated 60 allied planes took part in action, including air navigation, radar jamming, fighter and bomber planes. See NATO press release: Airstrikes still in progress. See also statement by NATO Secretary General.

The second wave of attacks occurred on the following morning.

A French Mirage 2000 jet fighter with a crew of 2 was shot by a SAM-7 missile by Bosnian Serb militia near Pale. The two pilots, Cap. Frederic Chiffot and Lt. Jose Souvignet, made a safe bailout though at that time their fate was unknown. A search and rescue operation was immediately set up. Airstrikes continued until August 31, 1995, when UN and NATO commanders decided to temporary suspend them to permit meetings between UN and Bosnian Serb officials.

September 1, 1995 - Operation Deliberate Force has been continuing for three days. More than 500 sorties have been completed. By the mean time, UN artillery on Mt. Igman are blasting Serbian guns and other targets.

NATO and UN are demanding lifting of the Serb siege of Sarajevo, removal of heavy weapons from the heavy weapons exclusion zone around Sarajevo, and complete security of other UN safe areas.

NATO stopped the air raids and gave an ultimatum to Bosnian Serb leaders. The deadline is set as Monday, September 4, 11 o'clock local time.

September 2, 1995 - The North Atlantic Council, taking note of a report by NATO military commanders, stated that the Bosnian-Serb reply to UN demands was not a sufficient basis for the termination of air strikes, and set out further conditions.

September 5, 1995 - NATO jets flying from bases in Italy and from an American aircraft carrier have resumed air attacks on Bosnian Serb positions around Sarajevo and near the Bosnian Serb headquarters at Pale. NATO officials said the attacks were resumed after the Bosnian Serbs failed to comply with UN demands. See statement by NATO Secretary General.

September 6 - NATO air strikes are continuing.

September 6, 7, and 8, 1995 - NATO forces conducted search and rescue missions for the two downed French aircrew members. While over Bosnia on the night of 8 September, two NATO crew members were slightly wounded by enemy fire as their aircraft attempted to locate the downed French aviators. All three missions returned to their bases without confirmed contact with the French air-crew. See extensive AFSOUTH press release: Attempted rescue of French crew.

September 8, 1995 - In Geneva, peace negotiations under the leadership of Mr. Holbrooke lead to an agreement on splitting up Bosnia in a Muslim-Croate and a Serb part.

At the same time Croats retake much of northern, western Bosnia from the Serbs.

September 10, 1995 - A US Navy ship, in support of NATO Operation Deliberate Force, launched Tomahawk Land Attack Missiles (T-LAMs) against Bosnian Serb air defense assets in northwestern Bosnia. Thirteen missiles were launched by the USS Normandy on station in the Adriatic. The launches began at 1841 (GMT), 2041 (CEDT).

September 14, 1995 - At 2000 GMT, air strikes were suspended to allow the implementation of an agreement with Bosnian Serbs, to include the withdrawal of heavy weapons from the Sarajevo exclusion zone. The initial 72 hour suspension was eventually extended to 114 hours.

September 20, 1995 - General Bernard Janvier (Commander, UNPF) and Admiral Leighton Smith (CINCSOUTH), at the end of the suspension period, agreed that resumption of air strikes of Operation Deliberate Force was at the moment not necessary as Bosnian Serbs had complied with the conditions set out by the UN. See AFSOUTH press release: Suspension of NATO airstrikes.

September 26, 1995 - Bosnia, Croatia and Yugoslavia came to an agreement in New York on constitutional principles: elections, a government and constitutional court.

September 28, 1995 - NATO forces suspended the French air- crew search based on the French assessment that further missions would not be productive.

October 4, 1995 - On three separate occasions, NATO aircraft, while conducting routine Deny Flight patrols over Bosnia Herzegovina, reacted to being illuminated by fire control radars by firing one HARM missile on each occasion in self-defense.

October 5, 1995 - Agreement was reached on a 60 day truce, as from October 10, 1995. Talks were planned to take place on October 31, in Dayton, Ohio, USA.

October 8, 1995 - In response to threats to UN personnel, the UN called for close air support (CAS) over an area south of Tuzla. NATO aircraft promptly responded but -- due to poor weather conditions -- it was impossible to acquire a definite fix on the assigned targets. Responding to a renewed request for CAS issued by the UN on 9 October 1995, several NATO aircraft successfully attacked a Bosnian Serb command and control bunker.

October 31, 1995 - Start of the peace conference in Dayton with the presidents of Croatia, Bosnia and Serbia.

November 13, 1995 - The international tribunal indicts six Bosnian Croats for war crimes and crimes against humanity.

November 16, 1995 - The international tribunal indicts Bosnian Serb leaders Radovan Karadzic and General Ratko Mladic for a second time, charging them with genocide over alleged massacres at Srebrenica.

November 21, 1995 - After three weeks of negotiations and 43 months of war, the presidents Izetbegovic, Tudjman and Milosevic initial the peace agreement. Agreement was reached for the peaceful integration of remaining Serb-held land in Croatia and to strengthen the Muslim-Croat federation in Bosnia.

November 22, 1995 - The Security Council adjourn the arms embargo against all republics of former Yugoslavia. See Security Council's 3595th meeting.

December 12, 1995 - The crew of the downed French Mirage aircraft was freed and handed over to French authorities.

December 14, 1995 - The Dayton peace agreement is signed in Paris today. The war in Bosnia is formally terminated, the longest war in Europe after the end of WWII. On the same day, two grenades explode on a market place in Sarajevo.

December 15, 1995 - The UN Security Council Resolution 1031 terminated, inter alia, resolutions 781, 816, 824, and 936 which provided authority for Operation Deny Flight. See the Council's 3607th meeting.

Today, the United Nations Security Council approved Resolution 1033 in which the IFOR mandate is described.

December 16, 1995 - In their meeting, the North Atlantic Council agreed that Operation Deny Flight should be terminated on Transfer of Authority to the Implementation Force for Bosnia-Herzegovina; Operation Deny Flight thus ceased on 20 December 1995. A formal closure ceremony was held at Fifth ATAF Headquarters in Vicenza, Italy on 21 December 1995. See remarks by Adm Smith (IFOR Commander) at the transfer of authority ceremony, December 20, 1995.



More information can be found in part II of the chronology:
From UNPROFOR to IFOR

[Sources: NATO, UN, Associated Press, Reuters, NRC Handelsblad,
Air Forces Monthly, other international news media]